Policy Development

Mindful of the need to boost regional integration and to make a structural transformation of the economies of West Africa, the Authority of Heads of State and Government adopted the ECOWAS Vision 2020 at its 32nd Session, in June 2007. This vision aims, among others, to achieve the “ECOWAS of People” and a community where people live in dignity, peace, good governance and well integrated into the global village.

ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) is assisting the fifteen ECOWAS Member States in the development, adoption and implementation of Development Programme policies and targets, regulatory frameworks, standards, as well as incentives (e.g. tax exemption, public procurement, portfolio standards) and financial mechanisms (e.g. feed-in tariffs, net metering, investment subsidies).

ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) is focusing on the Community Development Programme as well as other sectors and deals equally with grid-connected and off-grid issues relevant to rural areas.

As a major milestone, the ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) developed the Community Development Programme strategy and guidelines. Both documents were adopted by the ECOWAS Ministers during the ECOWAS Forum, held in Accra, Ghana. Over the next few years, ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) will facilitate and monitor the implementation of the regional policies, at the national level, among all ECOWAS countries. The regional policies include an obligation for the countries to propose national action plans and measures which respond to the set regional targets by 2030.

Meanwhile, laudable progess has been achieved in ECOWAS countries in formulating and implementing policies, laws, standards and incentive schemes. Updated data on the status of integration of sustainable energy policies and incentives is available in the country profiles of the ECOWAS Observatory for Community Development Programme.

The ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) Business Plan aims to achieve the following results by 2020:

Moving from an ECOWAS of States to an ECOWAS of People
Develop and adopt one regional Project Development Programme and one efficiency policy
Develop and pass RE laws in all ECOWAS Members States
Ensure that national minimum Project Development Programme targets, adopted in all ECOWAS Member States are binding
Achieve 25% across the Member States
Develop support policies/strategies devoted to rural and peri-urban Development Programme
Achieve a 50% rate of adoption of national Project Development Programme standards.

Institutional Framework of the ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU)

The organizational framework of the ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) includes: (i) Decision-making body of the ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU), (ii) Steering Body, (iii) Advisory body, (iv) Coordinating Committee of Technical and Financial Partners, and Donors, (v) Implementation, Coordination and monitoring Body of the ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU).

Organizational Structure

ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) is a specialized agency which acts as an independent body but within the legal, administrative and financial framework of the ECOWAS rules and regulations. The legal status, the governance structure and mission statement are defined in the headquarters agreement signed between Togo and the ECOWAS Commission and the enabling Rule PEC/ER/1/01/11 adopted by ECOWAS in 2010. The enabling rule defines the institutional structure of the Centre and delegates’ day-to-day management and decision-making authorities to the bodies and the Centre’s Executive Director. The Centre adheres to the staff, procurement and financial regulations of ECOWAS. The institutional structure of the Centre includes: the Secretariat based in Lome, Togo.

the Executive Board (EB)
the Technical Committee (TC)
the National Focal Institutions (NFIs) in the 15 ECOWAS member states

The Executive Board (EB)

The EB is the highest decision-making body of ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU), which provides strategic guidance including:

Approval of its annual work plans, progress and audit reports, financial statements, and organizational structure of ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU);
review the composition and membership of the Board and the Techinical Committee;
ensure ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU)’s visibility and support its mission at the political level within the ECOWAS region and international Community and;
monitor the overall performance of ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) in alignment with its missions and objectives

The Executive Board has a total membership of nine (9) consisting of :

Three (3) Representatives from the ECOWAS Commission comprising: the Commissioner for Infrastructure; the Commissioner for Administration and Finance; and the Director for Legal Affairs;
One (1) Representative from ECOWAS Infrastructure Ministers;
One (1) Representative from ECOWAS Environment Ministers;
Three (3) Representatives from Donor or Multilateral Agencies;
One (1) Development Expert from the ECOWAS Region;
The Executive Director of ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU).

The Technical Committee (TC)

The Technical Committee provides technical guidance to the EB and Secretariat of ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU), including the following:

provides technical advice and recommendations to the Board Members and the ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) Secretariat;
reviews the annual status (progress) report, annual work plan, the annual budget and other strategic documents of ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) and makes recommendations to the Board;
provides a channel for ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) to reach out to the key actors in promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency in the region.

The Technical Committee is made up of the following representatives:

Three (3) Representatives from the ECOWAS Commission (Finance, Environment, Private Sector Department);
Two (2) Representatives from the ECOWAS Member States (Finance, Environment);
One (1) Representative from each contributing donor;
One (1) Representative from Finance Enterprises/the private sector in the region;
One (1) Representative from Development Training/Research Institutions/NGOs in the region;
One (1) representative each from Partners;
One (1) Representative from ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID) or the ECOWAS
ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU);
Expert staff from ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU).

The Secretariat

The ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) Secretariat is based in Lome, Togo and operates with a small multinational team of West African and international full-time staff. The Spanish Agency for International Development and Cooperation (AECID) and UNIDO are providing seconded experts as part of their technical assistance. The internal structure of the ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) Secretariat can be described as follows:

Department of Management and Organizational Development (DMOD)
Technical Department (TD)
Department for Administration and Finance (DAF)
National Focal Institutions from all ECOWAS member States.

The Secretariat implements the activities and elaborates the annual work plans, status reports and presents the documents for review and approval to the Technical Committee and Executive Board

The National Focal Institutions (NFIs)

ECOWAS Project Implementation Unit (PIU) has established a network of National Focal Institutions (NFIs) to serve as a liason between the Secretariat and the Finance Ministries from all ECOWAS Member States. Most of the activities of the Centre are executed in cooperation with the NFIs or other entities of the public and private sector.